Restorations based on them show it: they look less real

lovethee History

In making my restorations I have usually avoided taking someone else’s skeletal or skull drawings and reposing them, for I have found that they are not always reliable. (Walking dinosaur costume) Instead, detailed figures and photographs of the individual bones, or a photograph of a good specimen are used to build up original restorations. I try to draw a skull and skeleton, from the species tytrle, since it is these remains that are used to characterrzethe species. (realistic dinosaur costume)But sometimes the type remains are too inferior relative to other specimens to make this worthwhile, or they have not been published yet and I have not been able to see them. Remember that virtually no fossil skeleton is 100 percent complete; parts were either lost before preservation or by weathering before the specimen was found. Except for a few very good skulls, some restoration is almost always necessary. In some cases, the restored skull or skeleton is made up of two or more specimens, with the elements adjusted as much as possible to a conunon size.2 Elements that do not ossi$r and arejust about never preserved, such as sternal elements and ribs, are also restored. On the other hand, the many little joints within each abdominal rib are deliberately left out.


Care was taken to reproduce the profile of each bone as accurately as possible-something I have noted is not done in many skeletal drawings. Of course, this was less feasible when the quality of a specimen was inferior, and the restorations based on them show it: they look less real.(animatronic dinosaur)


The muscles, and the keratin horn coverings of the hornlets, horns, bosses, beaks, and claws are profiled in solid black around all the views of the skeletons (a suggestion of Robert Bakker’s). Profiling bones in black has the advantage of being truer to their shape than outlining. This is because the edge of an inked area marks the exact outer boundary of a bone, as opposed to a single ink line which straddles the bone’s boundary and makes it appear slightly larger than it actually is.