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Henodus: We can imagine Henndus like some kind of reptilian ray, paddling its broad flat body across the bed of a shallow lagoon, foraging in the rippled sand with its broad mouth.


Its plate-like body would have made it better adapted to searching along flat sea beds than to the shellfish-encrusted reefs frequented by its relatives. Its weak limbs suggest that it did not spend much time on land.




Features: This is the placodont that most resembles the turtles. There is a carapace over the whole of the body that stretches out well beyond the span of the limbs, and as in the other cyamodonts this is matched by a plastron, a lower shell, which covers the undersurface. Both carapace and plastron are made up of a geometric array of individual plates. The head is squared off at the front and is shortened in front of the eyes.


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