The extinct Dinosauria of the Mesozoic

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The stratigraphic proof for a Darwinian origin of birds appeared incontrovertible – the rocks preserved the stages of development in the exactly proper sequence through time. (dinosaur project manufacturer)Any impartial observer might conclude that if God had really created birds, he must have been going out of his way to fool humanity into believing in evolution.

 

Dinosaurophiles had reason to celebrate Arcbaeopteryx and Marsh’s birds. Evolutionists and nonevolutionists agreed on one point: the group of “reptiles” closest to the birds had been the extinct Dinosauria of the Mesozoic. (dinosaur factory)Sir Richard Owen discerned avian patterns in the feet of Iguanodon. Edward Drinker Cope believed that the ankle of a New Jersey duckbill dinosaur was so birdlike that he named the beast Ornithotarsus—literally, “bird-ankle.” Thomas Henry Huxley summarized arguments in favor of a dinosaurian origin for birds in one of his most famous and lyrical pieces of scientific prose, published in the quarterly review of the Geological Society of London. Huxley knew birds—he had worked out a detailed classification of avian families based on the bony structure of the palate, a classification still highly regarded today. And Huxley knew dinosaurs and their kin. He had personally examined and discussed dozens of specimens. Huxley scrutinized the anatomy of dinosaurs from nostrils to tail, claws to hips, revealing that advanced meat-eating dinosaurs approached the true birds in nearly all the details of their anatomy.(life size animatronic dinosaur)

 

Huxley’s case was impressive in documentation, persuasive in argument:

(1) Only in dinosaurs did he find the distinctive bird type of ankle joint, where movement had been concentrated into a single hinge running between the two rows of ankle bones.

(2) Only in dinosaurs had he found the great expansion of the upper hip bone (the ilium) so characteristic of all birds.

(3) Only in some dinosaurs had the hind foot been arranged in a birdlike fashion where the inner toe turned backward and the three main toes pointed forward to produce the unmistakable footprint of birds. In fact, some dinosaur tracks were so birdlike that they had been mistaken for bird tracks when discovered in 1830.

(4) Only advanced dinosaurs displayed the compact bipedal body fundamental to avian anatomy—the very short torso, massively braced hips, long and highly mobile neck, and long hind legs.

(5) Only in dinosaurs and pterodactyls had Huxley noted holes in the vertebral bones for the air sacs which connected to avianstyle lungs, and the pterodactyls had been far less birdlike than advanced dinosaurs in most other regards.

(6) Only in some dinosaurs had the pubic bone been turned backward exactly as in birds.