Anyone who doesn’t believe that God was looking out for America at the turn of the century should look at the dates of key American victories in war and science. (dinosaur manufacturers)On July 4, 1898, Admiral Sampson announced a “Birthday present for the Nation,” the complete victory of the fleet over the Spanish squadron in Cuba. (Commodore Schley actually won the battle. Sampson was away conferring with generals—but claimed the credit.) On July 4, 1899, Arthur Coggeshall found Diplodocus carnegiei. On July 4, 1900, Elmer S. Riggs, hunting dinosaurs for Marshall Field’s Chicago museum, found the first-known Brachiosaurus, king of the brontosaurs, a giant that dwarfed even Brontosaurus excelsus.
American museums were erecting dinosaur skeletons as fast as American shipyards erected new steel battleships to protect the fledgling star-spangled empire. Europe viewed both developments with mixed admiration and alarm. lifelike dinosaur model For a century Old World scientists had been digging and studying dinosaurs, but no one had found Jurassic giants nearly as complete as the ones that tumbled out of almost two dozen American quarries, starting in 1878. (animatronic dinosaur factory)When the first Diplodocus, named for the American millionaire Andrew Carnegie who funded its discovery, arose on its metal scaffolding in Pittsburgh, John Bell Hatcher, in charge of the operation, directed the placement of the thigh bone into the hip socket very carefully. He drew upon the anatomical expertise of Marsh, Cope, and other Americans who had engaged in two decades of intense study.
Hatcher decreed a vertical stride, with the thigh bone swinging fore and aft directly under the hips, for Diplodocus carnegiei. (dinosaur for sale)And the other American museums consequently agreed. Riggs’s Brontosaurus went up that way in Chicago, as did Osborn’s in New York. These Americans were convinced that the great dinosaurs strode through their Mesozoic world with the upright gait and carriage that are characteristic of the biggest African elephants today.